Between 1933 and 1945, the National Socialist regime controlled artistic work in Germany. Particularly artists who were persecuted based on their religion, descent, or political views fled into exile due to threats from the government. But what happened to the artists who remained in the country? Isolation, lack of an audience, and limited exchange impacted the creativity of the individuals who were deprived of a basis for work and life under National Socialism. Their situation is often described in a generalized way as “ostracism” or “inner emigration.” In light of the multilayered and divergent personal circumstances, however, these terms fall short of the mark.
In the large overview exhibition “ART FOR NO ONE. 1933–1945,” the Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt is showing the different strategies and scopes of action employed by artists who did not seek or find any affiliation with the National Socialist regime.